RAJESH SURESH DAKE Raigarh, India 210 Questions 106 Answers 0 Best Answers 32 Points View Profile 0 RAJESH SURESH DAKE Asked: February 23, 2020In: Agriculture What is the future of Agriculture in India? 0 What is the future of Agriculture in India? Share Facebook 1 Answer Voted Oldest Recent RAJESH SURESH DAKE Raigarh, India 210 Questions 106 Answers 0 Best Answers 32 Points View Profile RAJESH SURESH DAKE Added an answer on February 23, 2020 at 8:34 am Farming in India is unique and has its own chemistry. India has 330 mi ha of land. We have vast expanses of irrigated farming land, that has assured water supply, thanks to the likes of Sardar Sarovar, Tehri, Nagarjuna Sagar and several similar large scale dams. Than there is the fertile river deltas or flood plains like The Punjab, Gangetic plains, The Godhavari and Cauvery Delta etc. Apart from occasional floods, these are largely rich and risk free agricultural zones. The third is rain fed cultivation. This is again sub divided into areas with good and predictable rain and areas like Latur and The Vidharba region of Maharastra, which are known rain shadow areas. The east has too much water and the south too little. The river interlinking project, if it ever sees the light of the day with its environmental concerns and huge capex funding could unleash a huge magnitude of farming land in the south east geography. The land ceiling act has not been uniformly implemented across the country as land is a state subject. The land celing act has led to largescale fragmentation of agri holdings and benami holdings. Now this unique situation brings with it a mileu of innovation that is similar to Japanese farming rather than say American or European or even Chinese farming… the state has incentivised micro irrigation, greenhouse cultivation and the national oil seed mission have all created their own unique chemistry of circumstances. If well planned, most expenses in Indian farming are hugely subsidised if not free. Electricity in most regions is free for farmers. Fertilisers esspecially Urea and DAP are significantly subsidised as well. Most agri produce has what is colloquially called minimum support price. Indian farming innovations include developing single phase electric pumps and automatic phase change motors, to use capacitors and inductors to create 3 phase out of single phase. Auto starters for motors, The ability to run motors and other electrical devices meant to run at 240 V 50hz to be able to function at voltages well below 170 V and 45 hz all make for an interesting study of Indian innovation called Jugaad. The seed and agri input business is a whole new chapter. Seed is one aspect of Indian farming that has come into its own with brand names, ISO certifications and quality standards. Pesticides are Largely regulated for all the wrong reasons, the pesticide and fungicide business is dominated fakes often confused with Generics! Outside of urban regions, it is appauling how spurious medicines for plants and mankind alike dominate the landscape. The money the government spends in buying to distribute to farmers novel and desirable technical inputs, be it Organic Manure, Shade Nets, Drip systems, Microbial admixtures like Tricoderma, NPV, Sudomonophos will put Lallu’s fodder scam to shame. Most govt depts require you to return in cash 60% of the purchase value and you get to keep the balance 40% of the purchase cost. Who ever even mentioned delivery much less quality…. That we managed to feed a billion plus people in the anarchy called Indian agriculture is the miracle, we call India! We are severly short on pulses. We need 80 mi MT and produce 20 mi MT and import another 10 mi MT. We are largely 90% vegetarian by design and life style linked to affordability. An avearage Indian consumes less than the WHO prescribed protien intake but manages to provide 500 g per day per capita but falls short of the much needed fat which is also the only source of vitamins. Means and methods exist to create protien from an admixture of Soya and Maize to create analogue Dal. 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerCancel replyYou must login or register to add a new answer.