Is giving Zakat to sick people who need financial support for treatment valid in Islam?
Zakat (mandatory charity) is the third pillar of Islam. All Muslims who possess sufficient financial resources are required to pay it annually. Each individual who possesses the Nisab (minimum amount of wealth needed for Zakat to become obligatory on a person) has to set aside a fixed portion (2.5%) of their wealth for the poor. This compulsory act of alms-giving serves to ensure the welfare of the needy and vulnerable sections of society. The rights the poor have in Islam are unique, as Muslims are religiously obliged to assist and empower them. Otherwise, those who are in need would be voluntarily aided by some, while many others would opt to withhold their wealth due to selfishness and greed.
Zakat has a lofty status in Islam as a pillar of faith and an act of worship. In fact, it is regularly mentioned alongside prayer in the Quran. This gives believers a strong incentive to seek the pleasure of Allah by supporting the poor. Moreover, poor-due purifies our wealth, cleanses us of negative qualities, and instills care for the weak in our hearts. It leads to harmony between different segments of society, preventing the spread of resentment and despair. Society is more balanced as a result. There are eight categories of people who are eligible to receive Zakat.